Dysphagia or difficulty swallowing
Difficulty swallowing or pain on swallowing can reflect pathology within the oesophagus (food pipe). It is a symptom which always requires investigation.
This is the classical substernal burning pain which forms part of indigestion. It usually caused by stomach acid passing into the oesophagus (food pipe). If persistent or marked it may require assessment.
This is the classical indigestion discomfort felt in the upper abdomen. Although many of us experience indigestion at one time or another if it becomes more severe or continuous then investigation is often required.
Pain in the abdomen can be due to a variety of causes. The investigation will depend on the location and nature of symptoms.
Change in bowel habit
Peoples’ bowel habit varies from individual to individual. However, persistent diarrhoea or constipation usually requires assessment to be sure there is no significant problem.
Rectal bleeding, with or without the passage of stool, is often due to a simple problem such as haemorrhoids. However it may be the sign of something more serious and therefore requires assessment.